The circumstances of Bam, Iran after 6 months from the severe earthquake
The full-scale reconstruction of this city was started in June 2004, about 6 months after from the severe earthquake which had killed 43,200 peoples in an instant. The rescue party from Japan rehabilitated the urgent part of broken waterworks in the city. The livelihood of the citizen was extremely severe at that time. The heat waves were devastated in the city on summer and the temperature was usually over 40 , so that the temperature of the surface of the ground seemed to be over 60 .
The heap of rubbish resulting from the disaster had tolerably put in order along the road, and the tents for temporary living were decreased one fifth to one sixth in comparison with the tents just after the disaster. The container style temporary housing was conspicuous increased instead of the tents. The citizen in Bam were enduring the heat waves with the help of air conditioners which were installed the temporary housing even the tents. Animated open-air markets were opened instead of the fell down shopping streets as they were.
The rehabilitation of the waterworks in the city
The rescue party from Japan would like to restore the urgent 30km of the important part of the water supply networks which had been broken down by the earthquake. The cast iron pipes in stead of the broken asbestos pipes couldnft be produced as fast as we wishes, and was reported that it would be taken in 6 months in Iran to procure around 500mm diameter cast iron pipes.
The staff of the Water Supply Company of Kerman claimed us to use asbestos pipes of which they had enough stocks as urgent rehabilitating line, but we were opposed it due to weakness for earthquake- proof and the harmful influence on human health. Moreover the fallen down 2,000m3 capacity of distribution reservoir made of reinforced concrete and attached chlorination house and gatehouse were reconstructed by Japan funds.
NGOs and private companies in Iran have no stable operational funds so far as we associated with.@After receiving the advanced payment of the contract, they start to purchase building materials and excavate ground. And they would put a stop to these actions, when would spent their whole money. Many buildings were under construction in Kerman, because the owners of buildings were used to make a construction of steel frame, floor and wall of the buildings which the limits of the getting budget. When the temporary budgets reach to the bottom, the sits of construction are out of operation till they get the next budgets. It is a matter of common knowledge there that small scale of buildings will be completed in 5 or 6 years.
The concrete works for the distribution reservoir couldnft be carried out in the daytime because of the high temperatures; accordingly the concrete works were executed in the morning or in the night. The local workers were dead tired in the intense heat in the daytime, so they should sleep in the tents until the sunset.
The cast iron pipes were scarcely arrived at the construction site in autumn and the urgent 30 km of the water supply networks were completed in the end of March in 2005. The distribution reservoir, the chlorination house and the gate house were also completed and transferred to the client in the end of March in 2005. We struggled hard against these works in the Moslem social order which was gOnly Allah knows when the works being finishedh.